Cholan Tours-Tanjore, Trichy & Tiruvaiyaru City Information

Tanjore, Trichy & Tiruvaiyaru City Information

  • May 28, 2024

Thanjavur, originally Tanjore, is a major religious, artistic, and cultural centre in South India. It is home to most of the Great Living Chola Temples and India's finest examples of Chola architecture, which are included as UNESCO World Heritage Monuments. Thanjavur is one of the state's most scenic districts and is also called Tamil Nadu's 'Rice Bowl'. In the ninth century, Chola governed the entire Southeast Asia only from here. So, this city is historically important and culturally significant. Tanjore’s Big Temple is a stunning monument built by Raja Raja Cholan, the greatest king of the Chola Dynasty. The temple’s engineering and architecture will be acknowledged as a world marvel and undeniably, this needs to go into the list of wonders of the world as an eighth wonder.

We are delighted to share such wonderful city information with other prominent cities, such as Trichy and Thiruvaiyaru.  

Tanjore

Tanjore (Thanjavur in Tamil), is a well-deserved name for the city. It has exquisite temples, particularly those of the Chola period (9th-11th century). The Brihadeeswara Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is out for its high vimana (dome) and elaborate carvings. Tanjore was the early capital of the Chola dynasty, a formidable kingdom that ruled from the ninth to the eleventh centuries. This era produced a legacy of spectacular temples and artistic practices. Tanjore paintings are well-known for their vibrant colours, gold leaf decorations, and Hindu deities and mythology portrayals. Beyond its cultural significance, Thanjavur is a major agricultural centre. Nestled in the lush Kaveri Delta, the city is a significant rice grower, garnering the signature name "Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu." The surrounding scenery is a patchwork of rich green fields highlighting the city's agricultural expertise. The region is a major agricultural producer, including rice, sugarcane, and bananas. The city holds great historical significance for its excellent handicrafts, bronzes, handlooms, silk and cotton sarees, and South Indian musical instruments. The Maratha Empire governed the city for about two centuries, leaving an indelible mark on its architecture, food, and cultural traditions.

The best time to visit Tanjore is during the winter, from December to February. This is the peak season for visiting Tanjore, with excellent weather and temperatures ranging from 21°C to 31°C.

How to reach Tanjore:

By Flight: The nearest airport to Tanjore is Tiruchirappalli International Airport (Trichy Airport), located about 60 kilometres away, has regular flight connectivity to major cities in India, including Chennai, Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad and Mumbai and also has connections to some international destinations, such as Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Dubai and Colombo. The second nearest airport is Madurai Airport which is 190 km away.  

By Train: Tanjore has its railway station (TJ). It is a well-connected station with trains to major cities across India, including Chennai, Trichy, Madurai, Bangalore, and Delhi.  

By Road: Thanjavur is well-connected by road to other cities in Tamil Nadu and neighbouring states. National highways NH 45 and NH 81 pass through Thanjavur.

Major Attractions in Tanjore: 

Brihadeeshwarar Temple: 

Timings: 06.00 AM to 12.30 PM & from 04.00 PM to 08.30 PM.

The Brihadeeshwarar Temple, popularly known as the Periya Kovil (Big Temple) or Raja Rajeswara Temple, is a stunning landmark in Tanjore. It is an architectural masterpiece and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. King Raja Raja Chola, I erected the temple in 1010 CE. The temple represents the Chola dynasty's dominance and wealth during their reign. The elaborate carvings and sculptures on the temple walls depict scenes from mythology, Chola army operations, and daily life during that period, providing vital historical insights.  

The Architectural Grandeur is remarkable for its tall vimana (dome), which is 59.8 meters (196 feet) high. For centuries, it was South India's highest structure. The elaborate sculptures on the temple walls depict events from mythology, Chola dynasty army campaigns, and everyday life, offering a glimpse into the past. The huge temple complex is made up of multiple halls, courtyards, and shrines, each with architectural features that showcase Dravidian architecture. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is considered an important pilgrimage spot for Hindus, particularly Saivites. The temple houses a massive lingam, the symbolic image of Shiva, which is self-manifested (Svayambhu) and the world’s second-largest.

Throughout the year, worshipers come to the temple for various religious festivals and rites. The Brihadeeshwarar Temple is a famous symbol of Tamil culture and history. The temple complex has inscriptions that provide valuable information on the Chola government, social life, and economic structure during that time. The temple's architectural and artistic styles influenced temple design throughout South India. The temple complex is well-known for its exquisite bronze statues depicting various deities and legendary figures. The statues of nartakis, or dancers, depicting eighty-one hundred and eight karanas in Bharatanatyam (Karana is a Sanskrit verbal noun, meaning "doing") make this area a "UNESCO World Heritage Site." As a result, it falls under the "Great Living Chola Temples" category.

Tanjore Palace: 

Timings: 0900Hrs to 1300Hrs and 1500Hrs to 1800Hrs

Entrance: Foreigners Adult – Rs.200 Children – Rs.70 (Child age – 7 to 12 years old) & For Indians Adult – Rs.60, Child – Rs.20 (It includes Saraswathy Mahal Library, Archaeology Monuments, Art Gallery)

Camera – Indian Rs.50, Foreigner – Rs.100

Video Camera – Indian – Rs.150, Foreigner – Rs.200

Holidays: Government Holidays & Art Gallery closed for Local Holidays also

The Tanjore Palace, also known as Maratha Palace, is a complex that served as the residence of the Maratha rulers in Thanjavur. It is 1 Km away from the big temple and was originally built by the Nayaka dynasty in the 16th century as the Sivaganga Fort, the Thanjavur Palace was expanded and renovated by the Maratha rulers who captured the region in the 17th century. The Marathas ruled Thanjavur from 1674 to 1855 and made the palace their administrative centre and residence. It is a blend of architectural styles, reflecting the influence of the Nayakas and the Marathas. The complex is vast, encompassing courtyards, halls, corridors, audience chambers, and a watchtower. The architecture showcases high walls and gateways for security purposes, remnants from the fort's original structure & also its’ stuccowork (decorative plaster) and frescoes (wall paintings) depicting scenes from mythology and history. While some areas are in ruins, others have been restored and offer a glimpse into the royal life of the Maratha era. The Thanjavur Palace is a historical landmark that stands as a testament to the Maratha dynasty's rule in the region. The complex is vast and can be broadly divided into various sections like follows: Public Darbar Grand halls were used by the rulers for public audiences and ceremonies. Private Quarters areas were the living spaces of the royal family & access to these might be restricted. The Armoury section might house a collection of weapons used by the royal forces. The temple complex includes the royal family's private temples, often dedicated to Hindu deities. There might be courtyards, gardens, and other functional areas within the complex. A portion of the Thanjavur Palace complex is open to the public as a museum, while other sections are still the official residence of the Maratha royal family descendants. Now inside the palace, King Saroboji Saraswathi Mahal Library, Art Gallery and Sangeetha Mahal are situated.

Saraswathi Mahal Library: 

Timings: 10.00 AM to 01.00 PM & from 01.30 PM to 05.30 PM. 

No Entrance 

Camera and Video cameras are not allowed.

Holidays: Government Holidays

The Saraswathi Mahal Library is located within the Thanjavur Palace complex, near the East Gate. It is also known as Thanjavur Maharaja Serfoji's Saraswathi Mahal Library, and it is a treasure trove of information and a bookworm's delight. The Nayaka monarchs of Thanjavur built it as a royal library in the 16th century, and the Maratha rulers, particularly Serfoji II, a renowned scholar (1798-1832), extended it much more. Today, the Saraswathi Mahal Library is one of Asia's oldest and greatest libraries, housing a vast collection of palm-leaf manuscripts, paper books, and historical records. The library's most prized possession is its collection of over 60,000 palm-leaf manuscripts, some of which date back centuries. These manuscripts cover a wide variety of subjects, including religion, philosophy, literature, science, and medicine. The library also houses manuscripts in several languages, including Tamil, Sanskrit, Telugu, Marathi, and English. Inscriptions, manuscripts, and maps are all important historical records that shed light on the region's past. The library is housed in a beautiful hall with high ceilings and spacious reading areas. The structure combines a range of architectural styles, possibly influenced by the Nayaka and Maratha periods.

Art Gallery: 

Timings: 10.00 AM to 01.00 PM & from 01.30 PM to 05.30 PM. 

No Entrance 

Camera and Video cameras are not allowed.

Holidays: Government Holidays

The art gallery at the Thanjavur Palace complex is officially known as the Raja Raja Chola Art Gallery, but it is popularly known locally as Thanjavur Kalaikoodam. The gallery's collection of sculptures, paintings, and artifacts focuses on South India's creative legacy, particularly the Chola dynasty (9th-13th century AD) and the Nayaka period (16th-17th centuries AD). A valuable collection of bronze sculptures shows Hindu deities, mythological figures, and historical figures. These exquisite works demonstrate the extraordinary metalworking abilities of South Indian craftspeople. The gallery also displays a collection of stone sculptures and relics from various eras. The gallery may possibly feature some Tanjore paintings, which are notable for their brilliant colors, complex gold leaf work, and portrayals of religious and mythological themes. The Raja Raja Chola Art Gallery is in the Nayaka Durbar Hall of the Thanjavur Palace Complex. This hall is a beautiful structure, with paintings and sculptures covering the upper walls and ceiling. The Thanjavur Palace Museum complex features an art gallery that is open to the public. The Raja Raja Chola Art Gallery offers a unique opportunity to appreciate South India's artistic tradition. The Thanjavur Palace Museum Complex includes the art gallery, which is open to the public. The bronze statues are the main attraction, as they represent the region's religious beliefs, mythology, and craftsmanship throughout history. Depending on the gallery's structure, you may view a variety of art forms, including Chola era bronzes, Nayaka period woodwork, and classical South Indian musical instruments.

Schwartz Church: 

Entrance fee: No.

Timings: from Morning to Evening. 

Camera &Video: Not allowed. 

The Schwartz Church, also known as the Christ Church or the Danish Missionary Church, is a historical Protestant church situated near the Tanjore Palace. Rajah Serfoji, Thanjavur's Maratha monarch, built it in 1779 to honour Danish missionary Reverend Christian Friedrich Schwartz. Schwartz was instrumental in implementing educational and social reforms in Thanjavur during the 18th century. The church is a monument to the cultural and religious exchange that occurred between Tamil Nadu and Denmark during the colonial period. The church is designed in a simple but elegant manner, with a white front and lofty minarets. It combines European and South Indian architectural influences. The church's interior boasts stunning stained-glass windows, elaborate woodwork, and ornate ornamentation. There's a sculpture of Reverend Schwartz on his deathbed, with King Serfoji II and another missionary beside him. The church is an active Protestant church with regular services.  

Punnai Nallur Mariamman Temple: 

Timings: 09.00 AM to 09.00 PM 

Entrance fee: No 

Punnai Nallur Mariamman Temple is a Hindu temple in Punnai Nallur village, approximately 7 kilometers east of Thanjavur's city center. According to mythology, the temple was established in the 17th century by Maratha king Venkoji Maharaja Chatrapati after he had a dream about Goddess Mariamman in the Punnai woodland. The temple honors the goddess Mariamman, a protective deity who is said to fend off evil and illness. The temple's reigning deity is reported to appear as a white anthill housing Goddess Mariamman. Mariamman is known for her capacity to heal ailments and bring excellent health. The temple's unique feature is the display of mud models of body parts. Devotees bring these mud sculptures to the goddesses for healing. The Punnai Nallur Mariamman Temple, while not as grand as other Thanjavur temples, has its own unique charm and spiritual significance. The temple has various events throughout the year, the most important of which is the Mariamman Fire Walk.

Other activities possible in Tanjore: 

Bronze Factory: Thanjavur is known as one of India's leading bronze casting centers. Thanjavur has a centuries-old bronze casting heritage, and the city is well-known for its superb bronze sculptures. Many tiny, family-owned workshops in Thanjavur specialize in bronze casting. These workshops provide an excellent opportunity to witness the traditional procedure firsthand and observe the craftsmen' skills. Guests can observe just bronze castings and the entire process of creating an idol.

Tanjore Painting: Tanjore is the cradle of the unique and captivating art form called Tanjore painting. These paintings were traditionally created for temples and royal courts, depicting religious themes and portraits of deities, royalty, and scholars. Tanjore paintings are known for their use of rich and vibrant colours, often including gold leaf embellishments. The paintings feature intricate details, decorative borders, and rich use of gold leaf, creating a visually opulent effect. Traditionally, natural pigments derived from minerals, vegetables, and gemstones were used, adding a unique depth and vibrancy to the colours. The guest can explore private art galleries scattered around the city, which might showcase and sell a wider variety of Tanjore paintings by contemporary artists.

The place where, the musical instrument Veena is made: The art of Veena making in Thanjavur is a fascinating and centuries-old legacy. Veena making is a laborious procedure that has been passed down through generations of families. These expert artists, known as 'Veenai aadalar' (Veena makers), have a thorough understanding of wood selection, carving skills, and the complex assembly procedure. Unlike huge factories, veena production is generally done in family-run enterprises distributed around Thanjavur. These workshops could be located on the south main street or near the temple.  

The place where Tanjore dolls are made: The Tanjore doll, also known as Thanjavur Thalaiyatti Bommai, is a unique type of traditional Indian bobblehead or roly-poly toy made of clay. These dolls are notable for their bright colors, detailed decorations, and unique weighted design, which allows them to wobble or oscillate when gently touched. Doll-making units are located 7 kilometers from Tanjore, near the Punnai Nallur Mariamman Temple.

Major festivals celebrated in Tanjore: 

Natyanjali Dance Festival (February-March): This five-day festival is a celebration of Indian classical dance forms, especially Bharatanatyam held in honour of Lord Shiva, the cosmic dancer. It is held during the festival of Maha Shivaratri in honour of Lord Shiva, the cosmic dancer. The majestic Brihadeeswara Temple serves as a stunning backdrop for the performances by talented dancers from all over India.

Pongal (January): Pongal is a harvest festival celebrated throughout Tamil Nadu. In Thanjavur, the festival is marked by colourful decorations, traditional music and dance performances, and special offerings made to the Sun god. It is a four-day festival that marks the beginning of the Tamil month of Thai. During Pongal, people express their gratitude to the Sun god for a bountiful harvest. The festival is marked by preparing sweet rice dishes, decorating homes with mango leaves, Kolam (rangoli). Bullock cart races are also conducted as part of this festival. This festival is celebrated on 14th January 2025.  

Raja Raja Cholan Sadhaya Vizha ("Raja Raja Chozhan I Star Birth Festival"): It is a festival celebrated in Thanjavur to commemorate the birthday of Raja Raja Chozhan I, the great Chola emperor - who ruled the Chola empire from 985 to 1014 AD. He is considered as one of the greatest emperors in Indian history and is known for his military conquests, administrative reforms, and contributions to art and architecture. Sadhaya refers to the star constellation "Sathayam" in Tamil, which corresponds roughly to the "Rohini" nakshatra in Vedic astrology. Vizha translates to festival in Tamil. It is a two-day festival typically held in October or November, coinciding with the Tamil month of Aippasi and the star constellation Sathayam. The festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Thanjavur, particularly around the magnificent Brihadeeshwarar Temple, which was built by Raja Raja Chozhan I. Since 2022, the Tamil Nadu government has declared Raja Raja Cholan Sadhaya Vizha an official state festival. This year it is to be celebrated on 09th & 10th November 2024.  

Hotels in Tanjore: 

Hotel Names

Category

Distance from the temple

Website Link

Svatma

Deluxe (4*)

3 Kms from the temple

https://svatma.in/

Lakshmi Hotel

Standard (3*)

3 Kms from the temple

http://lakshmihotel.in/about-us.html

Hotel Grand Ashok 

Standard (3*) 

8.9 Kms from the temple 

GRT Riverview Thanjavur

Standard (3*)

9.5 Kms from the temple

https://grthotels.com/thanjavur

Parisutham

Standard (3*)

2 Kms from the temple

https://www.hotelparisutham.com/aboutus.htm

Tanjore Hi Hotel

Boutique hotel (2*)

2 Kms from the temple (Near Palace)

https://dunewellnessgroup.com/tanjore-hi/

Note: Tanjore Sangam Hotel will not function after 31st May 2024 due to the lease agreement coming to an end by May this year. We will keep you updated in this regard.

Restaurants in Tanjore: 

  • Restaurant in GRT Riverview  
  • Hotel Svatma – Only Vegetarian 
  • Chellammal's Manpaanai Samayal – Only Vegetarian 
  • A2B Restaurant – Only Vegetarian food, can be suggested for FIT only, prior reservation of tables is not possible. 
  • Sathars Restaurant – Can be suggested for FIT only, prior reservation of tables is not possible here.

Thiruvaiyaru

Thiruvaiyaru is situated on the banks of the river Kaveri, 13 km away from Thanjavur. Thiruvaiyaru means Five Rivers around the city. The Five Rivers are Arisilaaru, Vennaaru, Vettaaru, Kudamuruttiyaaru and Kaveriaaru. Thiruvaiyaru is most renowned for its association with Saint Thyagaraja, a legendary composer of Carnatic music. Thyagaraja is considered one of the trinity of Carnatic music, along with Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri. His samadhi (final resting place) is located on the banks of the Kaveri River, and a one-room house where he is said to have composed some of his greatest works is also a popular pilgrimage site for music lovers. It is home to the historic Pancha Nathadhi Easwarar Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva.

 Aiyarappar temple: The Aiyarappar Temple, also known as the Panchanadeeswarar Temple, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in the village of Thiruvaiyaru. The Aiyarappar Temple is considered a "kṣhetra" which translates to "sacred field". It is one of the six temples on the banks of the Cauvery River that are revered as equally holy as the Kashi Vishwanath temple in Varanasi. For this reason, it is also referred to as Dakshina Kailasam or the "southern abode of Shiva". The presiding deity of the temple is Shiva, represented by the holy Shiva Linga. His consort, Parvati, is depicted as Aram Valartha Nayagi. Interestingly, circumambulation (walking around the shrine) is not permitted here as the Shiva Linga represents the "Jada mudi" or "matted hair" of Lord Shiva. The temple complex is vast and encompasses several shrines, halls, and corridors. The architecture is in Dravidian style, characterized by towering gopurams (gateway towers), intricate carvings, and sculptures depicting various deities and scenes from Hindu mythology. Several Hindu festivals are celebrated throughout the year at the Aiyarappar Temple, including Shivaratri (the Night of Shiva) and Arudra Darisanam (a star alignment that is especially auspicious for devotees of Shiva).

Timings: 06.00 AM to 12.30 PM & from 05.00 PM to 08.00 PM 

Entrance fee: No. 

Thyagaraja Aradhana (January): This eight-day music festival is dedicated to Saint Thyagaraja, a legendary composer of Carnatic music. Thyagaraja and his contemporaries Syama Sastri and Muthuswami Dikshitar were regarded as the Trinity of modern Carnatic music. Carnatic music is one of the oldest musical traditions of India, known for its complex rhythmic structures and improvisation. Musicians from all over the world gather in Tanjore to perform and pay homage to Thyagaraja's legacy. The festival features performances by renowned Carnatic musicians and is a major pilgrimage for music lovers. Music concerts and performances by leading musicians would mark the Aradhana celebrations of the saint composer and the high point of the musicians rendering the pancharatna kritis in chorus is a feast indeed. The Aradhana is observed on the day when the saint attained samadhi. The venue of the festival is near the samadhi of Thyagarajar on the banks of River Cauvery. Every year Thyagaraja Aardhana in Thiruvaiyaru is celebrated between January & February

Special Remark: Hotels in and around Tanjore will be sold out during this time as leading Musicians & people from various walks of life visit Tanjore to attend this music festival. So please plan the client program accordingly.

Trichy

Trichy City, also known as Tiruchirappalli, is a historic city located in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It's known for its rich cultural heritage, stunning temples, and scenic beauty. Trichy boasts a long and fascinating history, dating back to the 3rd century BC. It was a major centre of the Chola dynasty, a powerful South Indian empire. But it was ruled by various dynasties over the centuries, including the Cholas, Pallavas, Nayaks, and the British. This rich tapestry of influences is reflected in the city's architecture, art, and cuisine The city is dotted with ancient temples, forts, and monuments that reflect its rich past. It's a major commercial hub in Tamil Nadu and houses educational institutions like the Indian Institute of Management Trichy and the National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli. The city is blessed with natural beauty. The Cauvery River, the lifeblood of the region, flows through the city. The Shevaroy Hills and the Palani Hills provide a picturesque backdrop. The city also boasts a well-developed infrastructure, making it a pleasant and convenient place to visit.

Best time to visit Trichy is during the winter months (December to February) offer the most pleasant weather for sightseeing. During this time, the temperatures are comfortable, ranging from 19°C to 22°C.

Reaching Trichy by different modes: 

By Air: City has its own airport - Trichy International Airport (TRZ), well-connected to major cities in India, including Chennai, Bangalore, Delhi, Mumbai, and Kolkata. It also has international flights to Singapore, Dubai, Colombo, Kuala Lumpur, and Sharjah.

By Train: Trichy Junction Railway Station (TJR) is a major railway junction in South India. It is well-connected to all major cities in India, including Chennai, Bangalore, Madurai, Hyderabad, and Mumbai, making it a convenient option for train travel.

By Road: Trichy is well-connected to other cities in South India by a network of National Highways and State Highways.

Interesting Spots in Trichy: 

Srirangam Temple: The Srirangam Ranganatha Swamy Temple is a magnificent Hindu temple complex dedicated to Lord Ranganatha (a form of Vishnu) located in Srirangam, Tiruchirappalli. This temple holds immense significance for Vaishnavites (devotees of Vishnu). It's revered as the foremost among the 108 Divya Desams, important Vishnu temples mentioned by the Alvar saints in their hymns. It holds the title of the largest temple complex in India. It's even considered one of the biggest functioning Hindu temple complexes in the world!. The main sanctum houses the reclining form of Lord Ranganatha (Vishnu). The deity is depicted resting on the coils of the serpent Adisheshan, symbolizing cosmic rest and renewal. Goddess Ranganayagi (also known as Lakshmi), the consort of Vishnu, also has a dedicated shrine within the complex. The temple is a highly revered pilgrimage destination for followers of Vaishnavism, especially the Sri Vaishnava tradition. The temple complex showcases Dravidian architecture in all its glory. Majestic towers (gopurams) adorn the seven enclosures (prakarams) surrounding the sanctum sanctorum. The tallest gopuram, the Rajagopuram on the southern side, soars to a height of 239.5 feet, making it the tallest temple tower in Asia. The temple walls and corridors are adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures depicting scenes from Hindu mythology. The temple is considered a Svayam Vyakta Kshetra, signifying a self-manifested shrine of Lord Vishnu. The temple complex has been continuously renovated, expanded, and rebuilt over centuries, making it a living testament to Hindu faith and tradition. This ten-day festival in the Tamil month of Margazhi (December-January) is the most prominent festival at the temple. It attracts millions of devotees who visit to experience a glimpse of Vaikuntha, the heavenly abode of Vishnu.

Timing to visit: 06.00 AM to 07.15 AM (Shubrabadham & Viswaroobam Dharisanam), 09.30 AM – 12.30 PM & 02.30 PM – 05.30PM & 07.00 – 09.00 PM. 

Entrance fees: not applicable for general entry. 

Special Darshan - Rs.100 to Rs.500. 

Video camera fee: Rs.100 / not allowed inside the sanctum. 

Camera fee: Rs.50 / not allowed inside the sanctum. 

For Viewpoint: Rs.50  (Temporarily closed)

Please note that non-Hindus will not be allowed to enter the inner sanctum of the temple. 

 Rockfort Temple: The Rockfort Temple, also known as the Ucchi Pillayar Temple, is a visually stunning Hindu temple perched atop a massive outcrop of rock in Trichy. The Rockfort's origins are believed to date back to the Pallava dynasty around the 7th century AD. The temple complex was further developed and fortified by the Nayaka dynasty in the 16th and 17th centuries. The most striking feature of the Rockfort Temple is its location. It sits atop a 272-foot (83-meter) rock, dominating the city skyline and offering panoramic views of the surrounding area. The temple's origins are believed to date back to the Pallava dynasty in the 7th century AD. Over the centuries, it has been expanded and modified by subsequent rulers, including the Nayaks of Madurai. The temple is primarily dedicated to Lord Ganesha (Ucchi Pillayar), the elephant-headed god of wisdom and auspicious beginnings. His shrine is located at the top of the rock, and he is worshipped here as Uchi Pillayar, meaning "Ganesha on the top." Halfway up the rock is another significant temple complex dedicated to Lord Shiva, known as the Thayumanaswamy Temple. This temple features a 100-pillared hall and a towering vimana (shrine tower). The ascent to the Rockfort Temple involves climbing a series of approximately 437 steps cut into the rock face. There are niches and cave dwellings along the way, some dedicated to other deities. The climb can be challenging, but the rewarding views and the spiritual significance make it worthwhile for many visitors.

Timings: 06.00 AM to 08.00 PM 

Entrance fee: No 

Video Camera fee: Rs.200 / not allowed inside the sanctum.

Camera fee: Rs.100 / not allowed inside the sanctum. 

For Viewpoint: Rs.20

Thayumanaswamy temple timings: 06.00 AM to 12.00 PM & from 04.00 PM to 08.00 PM (Please note, that non-Hindus will not be allowed to enter the inner sanctum of the temple)

Manikka Vinayagar Temple: 05.30 AM To 12.00 PM & from 04.00 PM To 09.00 PM

Video camera & camera: not allowed inside the sanctum. 

Sri Jambukeshwarar Temple – Thiruvanaikaval: Sri Jambukeshwarar Temple in Thiruvanaikaval, also known as Jambukeswaram or Appu Sthalam, is a revered Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located very close to Srirangam. This temple is one of the five major Shiva temples in Tamil Nadu representing the five elements (Pancha Bhoota). Jambukeshwarar Temple represents the element of water. A unique feature of the temple is that the main Shiva linga is partially submerged in water that emerges from an underground source. The water level naturally fluctuates throughout the year, and the soaking wet clothes draped over the linga symbolize this association with water. The ever-flowing water is seen as a manifestation of the sacred river Ganges, and devotees believe that bathing in this water washes away sins. The Shiva Linga in the sanctum sanctorum is revered as Swayambumurthy, meaning self-manifested. This adds to the temple's sanctity. According to legend, Goddess Parvati sought knowledge and wisdom from Lord Shiva in the form of a squirrel (Jambukeshwari). It is believed that the temple represents the site where this enlightenment occurred. The temple complex exemplifies Dravidian architecture, characterized by ornate pillars, intricately carved pillars, gopurams (gateway towers), and mandapas (halls). The temple is known for its fascinating network of underground passages, though access is currently restricted for safety reasons. The temple celebrates various festivals throughout the year, with the most prominent being Shivaratri, the night dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple celebrates various festivals throughout the year. A significant one is the Aani Thirumanjanam, a ten-day festival held during the Tamil month of Aani (June-July). During this festival, special rituals are performed, and the temple complex is decorated with vibrant colours.  

Timings: 06.00 AM to 01.00 PM & from 03.00 PM to 08.30 PM 

Entrance fee: No 

Camera fee: Rs.30

Video Camera fee: Rs.200.

Cathedral of Our Lady of Lourdes Church: The Cathedral of Our Lady of Lourdes (also known as St. Lourdes Church) is a prominent landmark and Catholic church in Trichy. The church is dedicated to Our Lady of Lourdes, a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary venerated in honour of Marian apparitions that occurred in Lourdes, France, in the 19th century. The church is built in the Gothic Revival architectural style. The church boasts two prominent towers, the main tower reaching a height of 220 feet (67 meters) and the smaller tower at 120 feet (37 meters). These spires dominate the Trichy skyline and serve as a landmark for the city. The interior features including pointed arches, stained glass windows, and ribbed vaults, these classic Gothic elements, create a majestic and inspiring atmosphere. Some sources specify the church's design as "Gallo-Catholic," which could indicate a blend of Gothic and French architectural influences. The church was founded in 1895 and completed by 1903. It's considered one of the oldest of the 22 churches in Trichy that are more than 100 years old. The church holds regular daily masses in English and Tamil, serving as a spiritual centre for the Catholic community in Trichy. The annual feast of Our Lady of Lourdes is a major celebration at the church, held on February 11th. This event attracts devotees from all over the region for special masses and processions.

Timings: 05.30 AM to 07.30 PM 

Entrance fee: No 

Samayapuram Temple: The Samayapuram Mariamman Temple, also known as the Arulmigu Sri Mariamman Temple, is a renowned Hindu temple dedicated to the goddess Mariamman located in Samayapuram, a suburb of Trichy which is around 20 Kms away. The main deity worshipped is Samayapuram Mariamman, a form of Adi Parashakti and Mariamman. She's considered a powerful goddess with the ability to cure illnesses and offer protection. Unlike many traditional stone idols of deities, the main statue of Samayapuram Mariamman is made of a unique blend of sand, clay, and medicinal herbs. This leads to a practice of not performing abhishekams (sacred baths) on the main idol. Instead, abhishekams are performed on a smaller stone statue in front of it. Devotees typically offer "Mavilakku," a sweet dish made with jaggery, ghee, and rice flour, to appease the goddess. More than a thousand devotees visit the temple on Sundays, Tuesdays, and Fridays, considered auspicious days for worshipping Mariamman. The temple sees a surge in devotees during the Tamil month of Aadi (mid-July to mid-August), considered particularly auspicious for worshipping Mariamman. The Samayapuram Mariamman Temple holds the distinction of being the second wealthiest temple in Tamil Nadu, after the Palani Murugan Temple. This reflects the immense devotion and offerings made by devotees.

Timings: 05.30 AM to 08.30 PM 

Entrance fee: No 

Kallanai Dam (Grand Anicut): The Kallanai Dam, also known as the Grand Anicut, is an ancient dam located in Trichy. The Kallanai Dam is considered one of the oldest water-diversion or water-regulator structures, still in use in the world. Construction began around 150 CE, attributed to King Karikalan of the Chola dynasty. This is a significant landmark, showcasing remarkable engineering feats from over 1800 years ago. The dam has undergone repairs and modifications over the centuries, but its core structure remains a testament to Chola’s engineering prowess. In the 19th century, the British remodelled the dam for improved irrigation purposes. The dam's primary function is to divert the waters of the Kaveri River. This ensures a steady flow of water into the fertile delta districts of Thanjavur and surrounding areas. The Kallanai Dam plays a vital role in supporting agriculture in the region. By regulating the flow of the Kaveri River, it provides a reliable source of water for irrigation throughout the year. This has historically contributed to the prosperity of the region. Overall, the Kallanai Dam is a remarkable feat of engineering that continues to serve its purpose even after centuries. It's a symbol of Tamil Nadu's rich history, engineering prowess, and commitment to sustainable water management.

Tirupattur Brahmapureeswarar Temple: The temple is located 20 km away from Trichy city. It is the only one temple in South India dedicated to Lord Brahma - the Creator God in Hinduism, making it a unique pilgrimage site for devotees seeking his blessings. The temple is said to be 3000 years old. According to legend, Lord Brahma was beaming with pride as the creator of the universe. This sense of pride provoked Lord Shiva, who destroyed his 5th head and cursed Lord Brahma to lose all his powers of creation. To relieve himself of this curse, Lord Brahma started on a pilgrimage to Lord Shiva’s Temples. During his pilgrimage, Lord Brahma also visited this temple and installed 12 different lingams around Brahmapureeswarar and worshipped Lord Shiva here for a considerable time. It is said that Lord Brahma prayed to Lord Shiva in the form of Shotasalinga here at the temple. Lord Shiva was pleased with him and blessed him back with all his powers. It is also said that the Goddess Parvati gave all the sheen and glory back to Lord Brahma in this temple. So, she is called Brahma Sampath Gowri. There is also a legend that Lord Brahma was cursed that he won’t have any individual shrines anywhere. But, as Lord Shiva was pleased with his prayers, he blessed him to have an individual shrine only at this temple. The main deity is Lord Shiva, enshrined as Brahmapureeswarar, which translates to "Shiva who reformed Brahma." This name reflects the legend associated with the temple where Lord Shiva teaches Brahma a lesson about humility & Lord Brahma regained his creative powers here after seeking forgiveness from Lord Shiva. While the presiding deity is Lord Shiva, enshrined as the Swayambhu Lingam (self-manifested form), the separate Brahma shrine makes this temple a pilgrimage destination for devotees of both these Gods. A unique feature of the temple is that the sun's rays are said to pass through all seven entrances and fall directly on the lingam at noon. Another highlight of the temple is the six-foot-tall idol of Lord Brahma in a meditative pose, coated with turmeric paste. Devotees believe worshipping at this temple can bring a positive change in their own destiny. The temple complex also houses a shrine for Yogi Patanjali, the author of Yoga Sutras.

Timings: 07.00 AM to 12.00 PM & from 04.00 PM to 08.00 PM 

Entrance fee: No 

Main Festivals Celebrates in Trichy: 

Trichy Srirangam Vaikunta Ekadasi (December/January):  This 21-day festival at the Srirangam Ranganathaswamy Temple is quite stunning. The highlight is the opening of the "Swargavasal" (Gate of Heaven) on a certain day, which allows devotees to see inside the sanctum sanctorum and earn punya (merits). This door is only open on Vaikunta Ekadesi day, and devotees may pass through it. The door symbolically leads to Lord Vishnu's dwelling, Vaikunta. Long lines of devotees form around the temple throughout the event, creating a tremendously exciting environment. Clients may visit and walk through the paradise door if they choose. However, they must wait and proceed solely through the queue, which could take up to two hours. Clients can enjoy observing the celebration and the colourful population that comes to the temple to participate in the event. We anticipate that a few lakhs of people will visit Sri Rangam Temple on that day to participate in the festivities. Due to the large population, automobiles will be blocked 1 km from the temple for parking, and everyone must walk at least a kilometre to get there. On Vaikunta Ekadesi, the temple would be extremely crowded. Normally, it takes 1 or 2 hours to visit the temple, but on Ekadesi, it will take 6 to 7 hours. On Ekadesi Day, the Deputed Police Force alone will be over 10,000, so, one can imagine the crowd that visits Sri Rangam Temple to take part in the celebration. Clients can explore the area near the temple on foot if they desire, but cars must be parked 2 km away and no autorickshaws are permitted to operate. No cars are allowed within a two-kilometre radius of the shrine grounds. The next Ekadesi occurs on January 10, 2025.

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple Festivals (April / May):  Trichy is home to multiple Mariamman temples, the Samayapuram Mariamman Temple being especially famous. Three important festivals are held here: Poochoriyal (flower festival), Pancha Prakaram (fivefold procession), and Brahmotsavam (great festival with a chariot parade). These events highlight strong expressions of devotion and communal spirit.

Adiperukku (July/August): This festival is dedicated to celebrating the Cauvery River, the lifeblood of Trichy's agriculture. People offer prayers and thanksgiving to the river for its life-giving water. Traditional rituals and boat races on the Cauvery River mark this unique festival. This year’s festival is to be celebrated on 03rd August 24.  

Car Festivals: There are many important car festivals happen in Trichy as follows

Ranganathaswamy temple, Srirangam (March to May): This is one of the important annual car festivals celebrated at Sri Rangam temple, coinciding with the Panguni Uthiram. As far as festivals in South India are concerned, another important annual festival of Sri Rangam temple is the Chithirai Car Festival. This Car festival is celebrated during the Tamil month Chithirai is called Chithirai Ther. A large number of devotees are expected to visit the place to worship and witness the event. Thousands of pilgrims participate in the procession of the chariots carrying the deities going around the streets and the temples. Lord Ranganatha (Lord Vishnu) is placed on a beautifully decorated chariot and pulled through the streets surrounding the temple by devotees at the month of Tamil month of Chithirai ( April – May) and Panguni (March – April).

Thiruvanaikovil Jambukeswarar Akilandeswari Temple car festival (April / May): It is also known as the Panguni Brahmotsavam, and is the most prominent annual festival of the temple. It is a grand celebration that takes place in Trichy. The festival commences with the holy flag-hoisting ceremony, followed by sacred processions of the temple's processional deities. The highlight of the festival is the temple car procession, where the two main deities, Jambukeswarar and Akilandeswari, are carried in separate wooden chariots through the streets surrounding the temple. Thousands of devotees participate in the procession, pulling the temple cars with ropes.

Rock Fort Thayumanavar car festival (April / May):  It is a grand celebration that takes place annually at the Thayumanavar Temple in Trichy, Tamil Nadu, India. It is part of the fifteen-day-long Chittirai festival, which falls in the Tamil month of Chithirai (April-May). The festival is a 15-day long event, with the car festival itself being the most prominent event, held on the ninth day. During this festival, the temple comes alive with the throngs of devotees who come to witness the grand procession. The 15-day festival features various rituals, special poojas, and cultural programs that commemorate the various stories related to Lord Shiva, the presiding deity of the temple, and his consort Parvati. The highlight of the festival is the car procession. The idols of the deities, Lord Thayumanaswamy and his consort Mattuvar Kuzhalammai, are taken out in a procession in elaborately decorated chariots. The entire city takes on a festive mood during this time, with cultural programs, traditional performances, and exhibitions adding to the celebratory atmosphere.

Hotels Located in Tichy:

Hotel Names

Category

Website Link

Courtyard by Mariott

Luxury (5*)

https://www.marriott.com/en-us/hotels/trzcy-courtyard-tiruchirappalli

Blossom

Luxury (5*)

https://hotelblossoms.com/

SRM Hotel

Deluxe (4*)

https://www.srmhotels.com/

Vivid a Boutique

Standard (3*)

https://vividtrichy.com/

Maya Residency

Standard (3*)

 

Redfox

Standard (3*)

https://www.lemontreehotels.com/red-fox-hotel/tiruchirappalli/hotels-tiruchirappalli

Breeze Residency 

Budget 

https://breezeresidency.com/

Highpoint 

Budget 

https://www.hotelhighpoint.in/

Grand Gardenia

Budget

https://www.grandgardenia.com/

Oxina Lygon

Budget

https://www.hoteloxinalygon.com/

Local Restaurants in Trichy:

Continental Restaurants:

  • Courtyard by Marriott Tiruchirappalli 

South Indian Restaurants:

  • Hotel Kannappa  
  • Banana Leaf

Vegetarian Restaurant:

  • Shri Sangeethas 
  • Masala Door
  • Elam Suvai

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